On May 16, 2019, the City of Indio celebrated its 89th birthday. It is the birthplace of the Coachella Valley and was the first city incorporated in 1930. Indio began as a railroad town in 1876 as the natural midpoint between Los Angeles and Yuma, Arizona, where trains and workers could take a break and rest. Indio soon became the center for agriculture. After date palms were transplanted to Indio from Algeria in 1903, the date industry became an economic boon to the community and region. Today, Indio and the Coachella Valley produces all of the country's 41 million pounds of dates every year. In the middle of the 20th century, Indio was the "Hub of the Valley" and was the center for business, government, and entertainment with a population of 5,300. Indio's population grew to 50,000 in 2000 and is expected to reach 100,000 by 2020. Today, Indio is the fastest growing city in the Coachella Valley and Eastern Riverside County. It is the only city with two high schools and has the highest population of children and young adults in the Coachella Valley. It is a year-round community and most of the Coachella Valley's workforce reside in Indio and the East Valley. More than 2,500 residential units are planned or under construction, the most in the region. For more history about the City of Festivals, go to www.indio.org/about/history.htm or www.cvhm.org/.